Prevalence of malaria among children in Wadi Hajar – Hadhramout, Yemen

Abstract

Malaria remains one of the most serious public health problems in many parts of theworld,it is the major public health problem in Yemen. A cross-sectional study. The study wasconducted in AI_Mukilla child and Maternity Health hospital, all children presented from WadiHajer, Hadhramout Yemen since January 2005 to June 2006 were included in the study, afterfilling the examination Questioner including Temperature and spleen check up, Thick and thinblood film were done to check for malaria and Hb was estimated. Results: During the study period163 children were malaria positive for Plasmodium falciparum. More than 40% of investigatedchildren had Slide positive rate (SPR),SPR is differed significantly by age group and was highest(67.5%) in less than 5 year-olds and 10% of them was aged below one month of age, and theirmothers had malaria. However, there was no significant difference in SPR between males andfemales. This is the first epidemiological study done in this endemic area of malria; we found thatit is endemic by Plasmodium falciparum species. The presenting manifestations include malepredominance mostly below 5 years of age. With fever, anaemia and hepatosplenomegaly.