Effect of Ramadan fasting on some physiological parameters

Abstract

Ramadan fasting (RF) is obligatory on all Muslims every year with the exception of sick, travelers& pregnant women. Several studies were done on the effect of RF on many physiologicalparameters. Some of the results are controversial. The present study was undertaken to establishedthe effect of RF on some blood parameters There is a slight decrease in body weight , but thedifference is not significant. Also, there is slight decrease in blood glucose, but this reduction is notsignificant reduction. While there is non significant increase in blood urea. However, the effect ofRF on lipid profile was also done in this study. It was found a significant decrease in serumcholesterol from 162.3 at the beginning of Ramadan to 147.7 mg/dl at the end of Ramadan. And,there is a significant decrease in serum triglycerides from 91.5 to 79.5 mg/dl. Moreover, asignificant decrease in serum LDL- cholesterol from 121.7 to 78.1 mg/dl at the end of Ramadan.While, there is a significant increase in serum HDL- cholesterol from 26.1 at the beginning ofRamadan to 33.4 mg/dl at the end of Ramadan. So, HDL is associated with a decreased risk ofcoronary heart disease. For this reason, Ramadan fasting is a good protection of cardiovascularsystem