“ The Transfer of the effect of vertical and inverted vertical learning by using learning tools in learning the skill of sstrike in Volley Ball

Abstract

Research aims to uncover the follows : 1- Shifting the effect of the vertical learning by using the educational methods from the easy task to the hard one and vice versa of the finishing stroke styles in volley ball .2- Differences between the research’s groups to change the effect of the vertical learning and the inverted one by using the educational methods of the finishing stroke styles in volley ball.The experimental method was used to fit the nature of the research. “ That the sample was of 30 students divided into two equal groups (15 in each one) . The first one was regular and the other was experimental ” , and then to achieve equivalence between them in the variables (age , height , size , and some elements of physical and motional fitness ) , and the researchers used (questionnaire , test , measurement and simple scientific observation) ways to collect data . Educational program was prepared for (5) weeks , (2) educational unit for each group per a week and (90) minute for each unit for teaching the skill of finishing stroke styles in volley ball in regard with shifting the effect of vertical and inverted learning . The technical performance of the test was evaluated . The researchers used (arithmetic mean , Standard deviation and titest ) as means to process the data statistically and they concluded the following :1- The regular group which started with the easy task before the hard one (the vertical education accompanied with the learning methods) achieved the best positive shift of learning overwhelming beat styles comparing with the experimental group in every standard . 2- There were significant differences between the two groups of the research for the interest of the of the regular group which started the easy before the difficult task vertically .