Quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Mosul

Abstract

Background: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing in developed and developing countries. Diabetes is known to strongly affect the health-related quality of life (HRQOL).Objectives: To assess the quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and to determine the clinical and sociodemographic factors that affect the quality of life of these patients.Patients and methods: This was a case series health center based study, the data for this research was taken from an MSc research during the data collectinon phase. A 300 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending AL-Wafaa Diabetic Centre in Mosul. The world health Organizations quality of life assessment (WHOQOL-BREEF), short version questionnaire was applied to assess quality of life after being modified and translated to local Arabic language. Results: The overall QOL show that most of the respondents performed fairly well on the questionnaire used, 41% had good score, 46% had fair score and 13% had poor score. For physical activity domain 30% had poor score, for social domain 14% had poor score, for psychological and enviromental domains 23% had poor score. Conclusion: This study supports previous reports that QOL of patients with diabetes mellitus was fairly good and D.M significantly affects physical health especially in females. Further community based cross sectional studies is recommended for measuring QOL in DM.Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, quality of life.