الصلات الاجتماعية والاقتصادية مع جنوب الصحراء الافريقية قبل ظهور الاسلام

Abstract

This study involved social and economical connections with south of Africa desert before Islam. The civilization rised, growed and flourished by the banks of rivers.The beginnings of that civilization rised in Africa as well as other continents around the rivers.Peoples of Africa had practiced agriculture grow animals, moreover, they knew industry and it's importance. Trade and mariner land commercial road, and it's importance, in addition to, their knowledge of gold and bronze.The study subject that the area of Africa concentrated old connections back to that period through it's connections with Arab Homeland.Ancient Yamine , African east coast, and north with the south of Africa. The study involved the population and its classes, language, existing customs and traditions, religion and important worships as well as the economical situation including agriculture, growing of animals, kinds of industry and ways of trade.The study depended upon group of genuine Arabic references and modern secondary references, including Yakoot in Mo'ejam Albeldan "Dictionary of Countries", Almas'oodi in Morooj Aldahab "Greenlands of gold", the qalqashandi in Subh Alasha as well as other references.The study has conclusion which is the most prominent result reached by the researcher