Trace Elements Levels (Zn, Cr, Mg) in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Abstract

Introduction: In Diabetes, (both type 1 and type 2) an alteration in the metabolism of the minerals Zinc (Zn); Chromium (Cr) and Magnesium (Mg) have been demonstrated. Little is known about the role of these minerals in type 2 diabetes mellitus.Objective: To examine the hypothesis that there is an alteration in serum level of some trace elements, Zinc (Zn) Chromium (Cr) and Magnesium (Mg) in type 2 D.M.Patients and Method: The study was conducted on 35 type 2 diabetic subjects and 32 age matched control subjects, age range (42-57) years after obtaining their consent for active participation during the entire study period from November 2007 to June 2008, in National Diabetes Center / Al Mustansiriya University. Results: The (Mean±SD) of plasma glucose in patients and controls were (162.16± 25) mg/dl and (78.18±9.5)mg/dl respectively, (p<0.01). The (Mean±SD) of Zn for patients and controls were (125.0±19) µg/dl and (152.5±23.5) µg/dl respectively (p<0.05). For Cr were (0.04±0.03) µ /dl and (0.08±0.03) µg/dl respectively (p