People Knowledge Regarding Blood Donation (A sample from Baghdad)

Abstract

Background:. The transfusion of blood, its components & its products is a widely used form of supportive therapy, which has expanded greatly due to the development of more sophisticated medical procedures requiring the transfusion of blood.Objective: To assess the general knowledge of people regarding the process of blood donation through a sample of donors and non-donors from Baghdad city.Methods: A total of 500 individuals were interviewed, 292 blood donors that were attending the national blood transfusion center, and 208 non-donors who were taken as a control group for comparison. A questionnaire form was constructed to check for the overall knowledge of the respondents about the practice of blood donation. The level of knowledge was assessed using a special scoring system by assigning a score of 2 for the right answer, 1 for the incomplete answer and score of zero for the wrong answer.Results: Only 7 (2.4%) of donors, but none of non-donors, had good scores (>70%). Most of the donors and non donors got medium scores (56.8%) and (53.4%) respectively, while 119 (40.8%) of the donors and 97 (46.6%) non-donors got poor scores (<50%). The mean scores of the donors and non-donors were 27.72 and 27.07 respectively. The median was 27 for both donors and non-donors.The highest score was seen in the age group 31-40 years; the score of males was higher than that of females. It was also higher for university students and people with higher education and among the governmental employees. Significant association was found between the score of knowledge and age/occupation, but not with any other variable.Conclusion: The overall knowledge is very poor, may be because the subject of blood donation is not included in the teaching curricula of the primary and secondary schools and is not focused upon through the mass media or in the health education process. Key wards: Blood Donation

Keywords

Blood Donation