Treatment Related Misconceptions among Diabetic Patients; a Call for Action

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most widely distributed metabolic disorders which occur in almost all populations of the world at a variable prevalence. Patients' behaviours and level of education constitute obstacles to compliance with treatment. One of these behavioural attitudes is treatment–related misconceptions, such misconceptions may reflect negatively on patients.Patients and Methods: A cross sectional study on treatment-related misconceptions among diabetic patients was carried out during the period between 1st March and 31st August 2004. A total of 985 diabetic patients were included in the study sample. Data collection was achieved through interviews using structured questionnaire. Results: The results showed that the most frequent misconceptions with an impact on treatment was considering vitamins necessary for diabetics in 656 (66.6%) and believing that oral anti-diabetic drugs to be more effective than injectable insulin in 609 (61.8%). Gender, family history, and duration of disease did not show a statistical significant association with the score of misconceptions. The logistic regression findings with risk of having a high score of misconception as the dependent factor and several independent variables revealing the significance of age, educational level, and type of Diabetes mellitus. Conclusions &recommendations: Treatment-related misconceptions present in the study group at high rates. Being old age, illiterate, and having type II diabetes mellitus are more prone to these misconceptions. A wide scale national study is recommended and a community based health education need to be enhanced by; all mass media channels, and by establishing health education units in all diabetic centers. Keywords: Treatment-related misconceptions, diabetic.