Evaluation of Nurses’ Practices throughout Hemodialysis Treatment for Patients in hemodialysis unit at Baghdad teaching hospitals

Abstract

Abstract:Objectives: Evaluation of nursing staff practices throughout hemodialysis treatment for patients in hemodialysis units and to determine the relationship between nurses’ practices and their demographical characteristics. Methodology: A descriptive study was carried out at hemodialysis units of Baghdad teaching hospitals started from December 25th, 2011 through May, 9th, 2012. Non-probability (purposive sample) of (30) nurses, who were working in hemodialysis units, were selected from Baghdad teaching hospitals. The data were collected through the use of constructed questionnaire, which consist of two parts (1) Demographic data form that consist 10-items and (2) Nurses’ practices form that consist of 25 items, by means of direct interview technique and visualization of the nurses. Reliability of the questionnaire was determined through a pilot study and the validity through a panel of (9) experts. Descriptive statistical analysis procedures (frequency, percentage, mean of score) and inferential statistical analysis procedures (person correlation coefficient, contingency coefficient) were used for the data analysis. Results: The findings of the study indicated that there was a deficit in the nurses’ practice that should be applied to the patient throughout hemodialysis treatment. No significant relationship was found between nurses’ practice and their gender, level of education, years of experience in hemodialysis units, while significant relationship was found between nurses’ practice and their marital status. Recommendations: The study recommended that the importance of employing Academic nurse in Hemodialysis units, a booklet should be designated and distributed to all nurses who were working in hemodialysis units including the standard actions that should be applied and followed to care for patients in hemodialysis units, and an educational program should be designated to the nurses who were working in hemodialysis units including the standard actions that should be applied to care for patients in hemodialysis units