GEOLOGY AND STRUCTURE OF WADI SHALGHAH AREA, EAST ERBIL, NORTH IRAQ

Abstract

The structure of the studied area is a simple anticlinal limb and located within the Foothill Zone of Iraq, which is a part of the Zagros Simply Folded Belt, it is a part of the western limb of NW – SE trending Bana Bawi Anticline. This is confirmed by four constructed cross sections and a structure contour map constructed on the top of Pila Spi Formation. However, a small parasitic terrace like structure imposed on the limb of the major Bana Bawi Anticline occurs in the extreme eastern margin of the studied area, which is attributed to the northwestern plunge of Taq Taq Anticline.The studied area is built up of clastic rocks of Injana, Mukdadiyah and Bai Hassan formations, which form almost badland morphology with continuous strike ridges that are formed due to differential weathering.