The Diagnostic of Organizational Structure Style in Iraqi Education Institutions: A Case Study in the Salahaddin University-Erbil


This research aims to diagnose organizational structure style in Salahaddin University in Erbil, based on two types of the organizational structures; mechanical structure or organic structure. Each of which prevails certain level of the basic structural dimensions (Centralization/ Decentralization), (Formality/ Informality) and (Simplicity/complication). To identify the type of the structure, a questionnaire has been designed, relying on the comparison scale adopted by (Beadeian & Zammuto, 1991) and derived from (Steers, 1977) and (Burns & Stalker, 1961) model in order to identify the extent of closeness of the organization structure to the University of the Mechanical of the organic type. The questionnaire forms were distributed to the sample subjects who are (39) individuals including the university chancellor, his assistant and college deans and their assistants. After obtaining the data, it was statistically analyzed using a group of statistical techniques, the most prominent of which is the weighted mathematical mean. A set of findings was reached that crystallized such as the tendency of the organizational structure of the university in question towards the prevalence of the mechanical structure characteristics depending on the scale of branch variables results. In the light of conclusions, the researcher submitted suggestions in an attempt to promote the level of the university structural adaptation through accomplishing the prevalence of the principle of trend towards the organism in the characteristics of the organizational structure. The flexibility and consistency can be achieved and consistency is attained with the level of the developments in the external environment, because the organization in question should head to the organism in its organizational structure due to its dependence on innovation and relying on the skills, capabilities, experience and practices of its members who hold higher academic degrees.