Antibacterial activity of zno nanoparticle on some gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria


The synthesis and bioactivity of zinc oxide nanoparticles has been extensively studied. The antibacterial activity of different antibiotics individually (ceftriaxone (C), chloramphenicol (CRO), penicillin (P) and amoxicillin (Ax)) and Zinc oxide nanoparticles (60µg/ml) in combination with the previously mentioned antibiotics has been demonstrated in the present study by using the disk diffusion assay method. The results showed a synergistic effect between Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) and both Ax and P for most of the studied Gram-positive isolates (Staphylococcus aureus1, Staphylococcus aureus2, Staphylococcus epidermidis1, Staphylococcus epidermidis2, Enterococcus faecalis1, Enterococcus faecalis2 ) and between ZnO NPs and both CRO and C for most of Gram-negative isolates (Pseudomonas spp1, Pseudomonas spp2, Escherichia coli1, Escherichia coli2, Acinetobacter spp, Proteus spp) .So there was no effect or antagonism relationship was observed between ZnO NPs and both CRO and C for Gram-positive isolates and ZnO NPs and Ax, P for Gram-negative isolates.