Profile of Disability Cases referred to Teaching Children Rehabilitation Center in Suliamania in 2008


AbstractObjective: To determine types of disabilities in children referred to Teaching Children Rehabilitation Center (TCRC) in Suliamania.Material & Method: A retrospective study of cases referred during 2008. Patient’s information include age, sex, residence and parents consangious marriage, socio-economic status in addition to type of disability and it's relation to maternal age, parity, previous family history of abortion, dead fetus or handicaps .Data were statistically analyzed.Results: Seven hundred seventy three patients were referred to the center,(61.5%) were diagnosed before they completed their first year,(50.2%) of mother age were between 25-34 years, female offspring were affected more than males(53%,47%), primary educated mothers were more than illiterates(47.5%,11.9%),more in urban areas than rural (63.8%,36.2%), hospital delivery was more than home (86.4%,13.6%),low parity(52.9%),consanguineous marriage was(40.4%),family history of abortion was(23.2%),dead fetus was(13.8%) and handicapped (63.0%), low socio-economic status more affected by disability (61%).The musculo-skeletal system was the mostly affected system (57.6%) followed by central nervous system (30.3%) & then chromosomal abnormalities (6.9%).Conclusion: Disability was more common among middle maternal age, low parity, female babies, low socio-economic status, urban area of Suliamania, primary education of mothers, non-consanguineous marriage and family history of abortion, dead fetus or handicapped. We recommend premarital counseling which is of great use in the detection of congenital malformation, reducing consanguineous marriage and mothers should have medical care and get the necessary vaccination. Keywords: Disabilities, Children, Rehabilitation center, Suliamania.