Comparison of The Effect of Aqueous Extracts of two Plants, Origanum Vulgare L. and Fenugreek Seeds with Anticancer Drug Cis-Platin on the Growth of Cancer Cell Lines


This study involved the effect of the aqueous extracts of two plants, Origanum vulgare L.(1), Trigonella Foenum Graecum L. (Fenugreek) seeds(2) on the growth of cancer cell lines. Rhabdomyo sarcomas (RD) of human cell line and female intestine cells of Albino mice (L20B) in vitro System. These extracts were compared with the known anticancer drug Cis-platinum(Cis-Pt) as a positive control. The phytochemical tests were used for screening the active compounds in plants. The inhibition activity assay was used as a parameter of the cytotoxic effect of these extracts. Cancer cell lines were treated with four concentrations of Cis-platin, 31.25, 62.5, 125 and 250 μg/ml for 72 hour exposure time. The same concentrations were used for the other extracts. This study found that the two aqueous extracts (1,2) have a cytotoxic effects on cancer cells as could be seen from their effects on inhibition percentage and the significant differences (p<0.05) which were observed for each extract (1,2) by the increased the inhibition percentage as the concentration was increased. The higher level of inhibition(51.63%) was obtained from 250 μg/ml of Origanum vulgare extract (1) on RD line and 51.41% on cell line L20B at the same concentration. The cytotoxic effects of extract 1 and 2 on cancer cell line L20B were similar to that on RD cell line.There are no significant differences between two cancer cell line in all used concentrations. The strong relationship which to be found between the concentrations and the two aqueous extracts (1,2) comparable with Cis-Pt drug.