This study concerns with the incidence of dry sockets among a sample of patients attending different dental clinics after tooth extraction for three consecutive years in relation to their age, sex, tooth location and to patients perceived stress.Dry socket patients records were investigated for age, sex and tooth location. And a control group was chosen of exactly the same age and sex distribution as that of the patients but free from any symptoms . A questionnaire sheet with a list of possible life events for the last twelve months before the extractions were distributed among both, then the results was subjected to statistical analysis.Out of 956 patients, 58 (6%) developed dry sockets, (36%) of them were located on wisdom teeth with the lower ones comprising (25.86%). There were significant difference in mean perceived psychological stress between the patients (477.07 ± 7.38 L.C.U) and those in control group (240.44 ± 7.12 L.C.U.) regarding different ages and sexes.There were higher incidence of dry sockets in this study than most other studies around the world and female /male ratio was nearly equal. They occurred mostly on lower and posterior more than upper and anterior teeth wisdom teeth were most, highly affected, and there were a relationship between psychological stress and dry socket.


The purposes of this study was to investigate the effect of sodium hypochlorite (SH) and chlorhexidine (CH) disinfectant solusions on surface texture and mechanical properties of gutta percha (GP) cones at different concentrations and time intervals. In this study, 190 GP cones size 100 were used. SH solutions at (1%, 2.5%, 5.25%) and CH solutions at (1%, 1.5%, 2%) were used for GP cones disinfection by submerging cones for (10 min, 15 min, 20 min) in each of the solutions to be tested, in which 10 cones were used for each disinfectant solution at every time interval, and 10 cones remain fresh as a control. Surface texture determined by stereomicroscope. Mechanical properties measured by digital universal testing machine. SH solutions at (2.5% and 5.25%) decrease tensile strength, increase modulus of elasticity, decrease percentage of elongation , and left a numerous pitting on GP cones after (10, 15, 20) minutes of disinfection which were significantly different from fresh control cones, 1% SH , and CH at (1%, 1.5%, 2%).Within the limitations of this study, SH at 1% and CH at (1%, 1.5%, 2%) concentrations can be considered the most safe solutions for disinfection of GP cones.