A Study To Assess The Maternal Factors Leading To Low Birth Weight Babies In Selected Hospitals Of Pune-India

Abstract

Background: The birth weight of an infant is the single most important determinate of its chances of thesurvival, health growth and development.Objectives: Assessment of maternal factors leading to low birth weight babies and Associate it with somedemographic variable of the babies.Methods: Non-experimental exploratory survey research was conducted from Jun 20th to Dec 31st 2011 in India.A Non-probability convenient sample consists of 100 postnatal mothers who delivered low birth weight babieswere selected from Pune Hospitals. The tool used for data collection is a structured questionnaire consisted fromtwo sections:1- Maternal factors and2- Demographic variables.Content validity of the tools determined by a panel of experts. Reliability was determined by rationalequivalence test. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis.Results: The results of current study reveals that there were high significant association between medicinestaken during pregnancy with gestational age, a significant association between maternal factors like weight gainduring pregnancy with gestational age, a significant association between maternal factors like iron and folic acidduring pregnancy with gestational age. There is no significant association among other factors.Conclusion: Researcher concluded that maternal factors (Personal, Biological, Nutritional, History of disease,Psychological and Social factors) can affect the weight of the babies.Recommendations: Further studies need to be conducted among antenatal and postnatal women.