Serum Lipids and Vitamin C Levels of Male Cigarette Smokers in Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria

Abstract

Two hundred male subjects were selected randomly in parts of Delta State out of which 100 were cigarette smokers and another 100 non-smokers which served as control. Serum ascorbic acid level (AA), High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL- C) were determined in all the samples taken from the subjects. Results were compared using the T-test at p<0.001. The serum level of vitamin C in smokers (0.81 ± 0.06 mg/dl) was found to be significantly lower than for non-smokers (1.10 ± 0.05 mg/dl); HDL-C level in smokers (30.82 ± 3..08 mg/dl) was found to be significantly decreased in smokers as against non-smokers (47.48 ± 2.85mg/dl); TC level in smokers (274.84 ± 11.16mg/dl) was significantly higher than non-smokers (166.68 ± 6.78mg/dl); TG level in smokers (250.38 ± 6.79mg/dl) was significantly higher than in non-smokers (149.39 ± 4.15mg/dl); LDL-C level in smokers (194.02 ± 11.13mg/dl) was significantly higher than in non-smokers (88.99 ± 7.56mg/dl); VLDL- C level of smokers (50.07 ± 1.35 mg/dl) was significantly increased in smokers as against non-smokers (29.86 ± 0.82mg/dl). The data obtained are useful for the control of cigarette smoking which causes heart diseases and reduction in anti-oxidation capacity of the body