Effect Of Zinc Supplementation On Children With Diarrheal Diseases In Regard To Hospital Stay Duration And Cost-Effect Patient Residency

Abstract

Background: Acute infectious gastroenteritis is one of the most common infectious diseases of human, ranking second to acute respiratory tract infections, and it is a worldwide cause of morbidity with a significance cause of death in children below five years, in developing countries.Objectives: to evaluate effect of zinc supplementation on children admission duration to hospital and their residency for those who had diarrheal diseases.Methods: In this study, 50 children were enrolled, having the age between 6mth-5yr, they have been admitted for diarrhea in Al-zahraa teaching hospital in Al-najaf governorate for the period of(March-June)2011 . those patients are subdivided into two group in regard to zinc supplementation as group one who constitute 25 patients managed without zinc given , while other 25 patients designed as group two who received 20 mg elemental zinc for 14 days from starting day, serum zinc level was recorded for each group , and the duration of their hospital stay was recorded .spss and chi square . Result: the study showed that using zinc tablets has a good effect on the duration of hospital stay , as 52% of those children (group-2)who received zinc were discharged after 3 days of admission in comparison to 3(12%) of those children(group-1) who have not received zinc tablet .Conclusion: using zinc tablet for every child admitted to hospital because of diarrhea will shortens patient residency and time of hospital stay.Recommendation: We recommend;(1)Adding zinc for every child presented with diarrhea whether admitted to hospital or treated as out- patient.(2)Further studies are required to assess the benefit of adding other trace element to the management such as vitamin-A and copper.