Evaluation of the Surface Roughness for Three Different Types of Composite Resin Materials Using (Sof–Lex) Finishing and Polishing Systems: A Comparative Study


Aim: To evaluate the surface roughness of three different types of light activated composite resin using (Sof-Lex) – polishing system, a profilometer study. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 resin com-posite disks were prepared from three different types of composite resin include 3 – groups. Group I: 10 specimens were prepared from light activated nano hybride (Tetric n – Ceram, Ivoclar – Vivadent – Liechtenstein). Group II: 10 specimens were prepared from light activated microhybride composite resin (Arabesk – Voco, Germany). Group III: 10 specimens were prepared from light activated poly-glas composite resin (Solitaire – 2, Heraeus, Kulzer, Germany). The resin blocks finished and polished using (Sof – Lex) polishing system. The specimens were analyzed for surface roughness using “Pro-filometer”. Results: Tetric n – Ceram composite resin showed the lowest roughness average (0.112 μm) followed by Arabesk composite (0.150 μm), Solitaire – 2 composite resin showed the highest roughness average (0.341 μm). Conclusions: Tetric n– Ceram (nano-hybride) was the best polished composite resin, showed the least roughness average.