Distribution of intestinal protozoa and the effect of Giardia lamblia on anthropometric measurement in school children in kirkuk

Abstract

Aim: - The study was planned to show the distribution of protozoal intestinal parasites and the effect of Giardia lamblia infection on some physiological parameters of school age children in Kirkuk city, for the period from February 2002 till January 2003. Subjects and Methods: - the study was conducted on a six hundred and forty five pupils chosen randomly from six primary schools in Kirkuk city. The age of the pupils were ranging from 6-15 years old. The stool sample were collected from each child and examined by direct wet mount technique. The anthropometric parameters of pupils were assessed by estimation of body weight, height, and skin fold thickness. Results: - it was found that children infected with Giardia lamblia infection had lower body weight for age, height for age in both sexes than control group. The skin fold thickness among infected males and females was lower than control. The results of weight for age among infected group were subdivided into three groups according to growth chart, the first group involves those children below 3rd percentile 19.71% in males, and 16.90 % in females; the second group who were below ≤ 25th percentile which presents the critical group and were 8.45% in males and12.67% in females, and the third group above 25th percentile involved those children who have normal growth percentile were 21.12% in males and 19.71% in females. The height for age also divided in to three groups; the first groups were 16.90% in males, and 7.04 % in females, the second groups were 9.85% in both males and females; while in the third groups were 22.53 % in males, and 33.80 % in females. Conclusion: - It is concluded from this study that Giardia lamblia infected children had lower anthropometric parameters than controls.