PROTECTION OF NATURAL RUBBER FROM ULTRAVIOLET BY USING ANTHOCYANIN PIGMENT

Abstract

Anthocynin pigment is one of natural pigments material. Pigments are present in each one of the organisms in the world, and plants are the principal producers. They are in leaves, fruits, vegetables, and flowers. In this study the effect of anthocyanin pigment on protection of natural rubber from UV radiation and effect of pigment on some mechanical and physical behaviour of natural rubber was assessed. Anthocyanin pigment was prepared from chards by filtration method. It was added to NR from (5pphr) to (25 pphr). The samples with anthocyanin and without were exposed to UV for a various periods and then some mechanical and physical tests were carried out for the prepared specimens. The results showed that the tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, hardness and specific weight decreased with increasing of anthocyanin. Elongation increased with increasing of anthocyanin pigment. When samples exposed to UV, the results showed a broad enhancement in the mechanical properties for all samples contained anthocyanin. This research was used a natural and cheap material available largely in plants to protect of polymers from degradation and to improve their properties instead of synthetics pigments that they are harmful and expensive.