Some Observation on Uterine Prolapse in Iraqi buffaloes

Abstract

This study was conducted on 54 Iraqi buffaloes out of 136 buffaloes suffered from partial or complete uterine prolapse (44 buffaloes) after parturition directly, during 12 hrs postpartum or12-24 hrs postpartum and 10 Iraqi buffaloes out of 54 without uterine prolapse considered as comparative group, aged between 3-8 years old in Babylon province/ AL.Qassim city in period from 2011-2013.The affected animal were divided randomly into four groups according to the period of involution of uterus after parturition and the suitable treatment which for this period. Group1 (G1)consist of 18 buffaloes treated directly after parturition by low epidural anesthesia and replacement of the prolapse uterus followed by washing with warm distal water and lubrication with local antibiotic and systemic antibiotic (Oxytetracycline20% 4mg.)20ml/I.M. . Group2(G2) (16 buffaloes) they were treated by low epidural anesthesia and prolapsed uterus supported by a towel and sprinked with 40% glucose and suturing vulva after replacement of uterus along with oxytetracycline locally & systemically. Group3(G3) (10 buffaloes) Using low epidural anesthesia and removal of the retained fetal membranes and suturing the wounds after washing with normal saline& hypertonic solution(40%glucose) then using antibiotics locally and systemically (oxytetracycline20%)after that suturing the vulva. . Group4( G4) (10 cow buffaloes)Did not suffered from uterine prolapse thus considered as a comparative groups. The overall incidence of uterine prolapse was 32.3% (44/36). The present study was conducted to include four seasons and the incidence as follows, 25%; 25%; 31.8% and 18.2% for winter, summer, spring and autumn respectively, These percentage rates represented the percentage from infected case only, and the incidence of uterine prolapse in male births was 63.6% compared with 36.4% female births. The percentage of dystocial parturitions was 61.4% compared with 38.6% in normal parturitions, and the incidence in parity was 63.6% in multipara compared with 36.4% in primipara. The responses for different treatments were 100%, 87.5%; 88% and 100% in G1, G2,G3 and G4 respectively with superior significant differences (P< 0.01) for G1 and G4 compared with G2 and G3 , However the first estrus after treatment was best in G4, G1 and G2 compared with G3 although G4 was record high significant differences (P< 0.01) compare with other groups, While the number of services per conception was similar in G1,G2 and G3,G4 recorded superiority ( P< 0.01) compared with these groups. The pregnancy rate also was high in comparative group G4 Compared with G1,G2 and G3. also G1 and G2 was the best than the G3. Finally the days open recorded significant differences (P< 0.01) for G1, and then G4 and G2 compared with G3. It is concluded that the incidence of uterine prolapse in Iraqi buffaloes was higher with other reproductive diseases, the study suggested if the treatment was fast and accurate after parturition, it would give positive results reach to more than 75% of pregnancy rate.