عزل وتشخيص بعض أنواع فطر Aspergillus من البقوليات في مدينة سوق الشيوخ واختبار قدرتها على أنتاج الأفلاتوكسين على أوساط مختلفة

Abstract

Collected 50 samples from the seeds of a legume (lentils, chickpeas and beans, white beans and mash (beans)) They are related to herbs family Leguminosae by 10 samples of each crop. It was found that 70% of these samples were contaminated with fungus Aspergillus species was isolated and diagnosis six types are relatedto this genus are: Aspergillus flavus,, A.niger, A.ochraceus, A.parasiticus, A.versicolor, A. ustus. It was noted that the kind A.parasiticus is the most visible and the rest of the reluctance of fungi, followed by the type A.flavus. It was found that the seeds of mash are most affected by this fungus compared to seeds of chickpeas and beans. Appeared in this study that all the isolated species have the ability to produce aflatoxin.