PREDICTING MAIZE EAR GRAIN WEIGHT IN SITU BY EAR DIMENSIONS

Abstract

To find out a simple and efficient equation to estimate maize ear grain weight on farm (in situ), twenty three maize crosses along with two synthetics were grown in the field. On the experimental farm of the Dept. of Field Crop Sci., College of Agric., Univ. of Baghdad, seeds of twenty five maize genotypes were grown in the fall season of 2013 with three replicates. At dough stage of the kernels, five naked ears of each experimental units were measured for length and maximum diameter. This will sum up 125 ears of the trial. The volumes of ears were calculated as cylinder (length × r2 × 3.1416). Grain weight of all ears were determined after harvesting and drying to 15% grain moisture. A constant was calculated by dividing ear grain weight by each ear volume. Estimated ear grain weights were tested against observed by applying correlation coefficient and it was found to be positive and highly significant (r= 0.998**). The observed and estimated values of ear grain weights were tested by t-test. The two means of observed and estimated ear grain weights were fit to 0.89 probability of t-value. The final equation to estimate ear grain weight in situ is = r2 × L × 0.94, where r is radius of ear and L is ear length. However, in case of super hybrids of high ear fertility and kernel filling, estimated ear grain weight will be = r2 × L.