اثر المناخ والتربة في زراعة الفراولة في العراق

Abstract

This research focused on climate effect on strawberry planting in Iraq. The period of studying depended on climatic cycle which is thirty years also its focused on the most important factors in plant growing which they are the number of sunny hours and the maximum temperature and the minimum temperature and the relative humidity. In additional to soil distribution of studying area and determine the good type for planting which is represented as very important factor in plant growing and it also depended on the monthly contrast during the year for each climatically factor and show the general average and the yearly contrast. we focused on the time of planting during September or October according to the temperature and sunny hours the researcher concluded that the plant can be planted in all studying area but it should be represented the sunny hours where it had along time of sunny hours like stations in south because the strawberry decreased in growing in hot areas so it needed to use reticular plastic houses which it used in some gardens to reduce sun hot by the way in areas where the temperature is very low under (10)Co during growing plastic houses to increase temperature. Because the plant stops its growing at that temperature but in areas which had temperature over (30)Co in the morning it should be used the reticular houses with respect to humadity it was good for planting in northern soil. And middle north soil but the soil in west it should be added organic compounds before planting and the soil in middle and south it should be cleaned from salt by well-known methods if it had salt. And then it should be add the organic compounds and covered it by straw or plastic to keep the moisture of soil