Views of Alcoholic Patients' about the Concept of Alcohol Addiction in Ibn Rushed Hospital in Baghdad City


Background: Alcohol addiction contributes to a high burden on the society in terms of years that people spend with disability or in poor health because of alcohol-related illnesses or injuries. Aim: To describe the socio-demographic characteristics, assess views of alcoholic patients toward alcoholic addiction, to find out the significant variance of views of alcoholic patients' with regard to their demographic characteristics. Patients and method : descriptive analytic study carried out on a purposive “non probability” sample of (30) patients with alcoholic addiction, selected from in-patient in Ibn Rushed Psychiatric Hospital in Baghdad City, from June 2014 to July 2015. A questionnaire is constructed for the purpose of the present study which is distributed across 2 main parts. Part one included the demographic characteristics of the sample, and part two included knowledge about alcohol addiction. The overall items which were included in the questionnaire of this article are 53 items. Validity and reliability of the questionnaire were determined through the review of a panel of experts and the pilot study. Data were collected through the period from 2|8|2014 to 2|9|2014. It was analyzed through the descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, and mean of score) and inferential statistics. Results: 100% of the sample were male. 36.3% of the sample were age range (40-49), and 6.6% were age 50 to over 60. 56.6% were primary school graduate, no one had advanced education. 60% were married, 76.7% were self-employmenT, and 20% of them had sufficient income. 40% had illegal house ownership. 96.6% was smoker, 73.3% had family history of drinking alcohol, and 80% had alcoholic friends. The patients had little knowledge regarding alcohol addiction (mean of scores =1.65), there was significant association between patients' knowledge with regard to their age groups, level of education, marital status, income, house ownership, while there was no significant association regarding occupational status. Conclusion: the study concluded that there was a low level of knowledge concerning alcohol addiction so education programs should be arranged about alcohol addiction to improve views of people knowledge, believes and attitudes towards alcohol addiction.