Gingival status and gingival fluid flow in diabetic and non-diabetic patients

Hazim M Ibrahem --- Leka'a M. Ibrahem

Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد
ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2006 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 63-65
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد


Background: The aim of this study was to estimate the role of smoking as a risk factor on the gingival status of the diabetic and non-diabetic patient as measured by both gingival fluid flow (G.F.F) and gingival fluid pH (G.F.pH) and clinical parameters (plaque index and gingival index).
Material and method: All the patients were smokers with mean age of 45 years. Thirty-two sites were selected from each group. Clinical examination including PL.I and GI were evaluated for each patient, G.F.F and G.F.pH were evaluated to in the selected sites.
Results: The PL.I, G.I, G.F.F and G.F.pH for smoker diabetic patients were slightly higher than smoker non-diabetic patients, but no statistical difference was found.
Conclusion: There was a positive relationship between the clinical parameters and G.F.F and G.F.pH in both diabetic and non diabetic patient. It was also found that smokers are high risk group for periodontitis.
Key words: Gingival status, gingival fluid, diabetes. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2006; 18(1) 63-65)