Effect of oral hygiene measures on gingival status clinical and histopathological study

Nidhal A. A --- Hazim M. Ibrahem --- Leka'a M. Ibrahem

Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد
ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2006 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 58-62
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد


Background: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a direct correlation between severity of the inflammatory periodontal diseases and plaque mass. Some investigations have corralled the histologic parameters with the clinical manifestation of inflammation such as gingival index and gingival exudate flow rate scores. The aim of this study was to correlate between the histological parameters, the gingival clinical status and gingival exudate flow rate (GEFR) and dental plaque.
Materials and methods: Seven dental students precipitated in this study. Experimental gingivitis was induced. GI, PlI and GEFR were scored at day 0, 7, 14, 21 and 28. Buccal biopsy excised on day 0, 7, 14, 21 and 28, stained and inflammatory cells were counted.
Results: The results of the cohort study demonstrated an increase in all clinical indices during development of the experimental gingivitis and these tend to decrease following the reinstitution of oral hygiene. This study also showed a strong correlation between the clinical and histological parameters.
Conclusion: Microbial plaque initiates inflammatory destructive response in the gingiva. This can be reduced by maintenance of good oral hygiene.
Key words: Gingivitis; oral hygiene; gingival status; inflammatory cells. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2006; 18(1) 58-62)