Fulltext

The judge ruled his knowledge

حكم القاضي بعلمه

دكتور سيد نصر اله محبوبي

Alustath الاستاذ
ISSN: 0552265X 25189263 Year: 2018 Volume: 2 Issue: 225 Pages: 319-338
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Abstract

About this subject, it’s necessary at first the beginning say the words of the ulema inthis regard .The jurists have two views in this regard :First: the license absolutely that is famous for the jurists.Second : the detail between two situations if rights for the people the judge can rule with his knowledge , if this is god’s rights he can’t rule with own knowledge .Then on this topic it’s necessary to investigate two issues :First : the reasons allowed the Judge to judge based of his own knowledge as well as explaining the reasons for who denied the knowledge of the Judge with his own .Second : discussing the meaning of the Judge’s scientific knowledge and the scientific matters of the Judge .And in the end consider two remarkable notes : first one is assisting certified persons in judging , next one is if we don’t accept the judge of the Judge according to his own knowledge what cases can he judge according to his own knowledge !?

نذکر الاقوال في هذه المسالة، إذ یمکن درج اقوال الفقهاء فی قولین :الأوّل: الجواز مطلقاً؛ وهو المشهور الثاني: القول بالتفصيل بين حقوق الناس، فيجوز؛ وحقوق اللَّه تعالى، فلا يجوز. وإنّ من اللازم في هذه المسألة تحقيق أمرين؛ الأوّل: الأدلّة الدالّة على جواز حكم القاضي بعلمه والأدلّة النافية له، والثاني: البحث عن علم القاضي و مبادئه وموارده. وفي إانتهاء البحث یتکلم على تنبيهين:التنبيه الأوّل: معاونة ذوي الخبرات في القضاء.