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Depression in Patients with Acquired Heart Diseases in Baghdad

Abdul-Rasoul Alyasiri*, Zainab Ali Saleem**, Hasan Ali Al-Farhan

Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية
ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 220-227
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: Both heart diseases and depression are highly prevalent, Depression can add to the suffering already present due to the physical condition of the cardiac patients and it affects the outcome.OBJECTIVE: Is to find-out the prevalence of depressive disorder among patients with three different categories of heart diseases in three different Iraqi Hospitals; to find out gender differences, some demographical data and the difference between first time affected patients and recurrent cases of heart problems, in regard to the prevalence of depression in these patients.PATIENTS AND METHODS: A case control study was conducted using 100 patients, with an age range from 30-89y who has been diagnosed by Qualified Internists, this group was compared with another 100 control group with the same age and at the same time, both groups were examined for the presence of depressive disorder using ICD-10 diagnostic criteria and then assessing the severity of the depression in the depressed group by using Beck Depressive Inventory. RESULTS: The present study revealed that (24%) of study patients compared to (4%) of the control group were depressed and there was a significant association between the severity of depression and the different types of heart diseases, also females were more severely depressed than males.CONCLUSION: There is a high rate of depression among patients with different types of heart diseases, which is often goes unrecognized, untreated, and under estimated, early detection of depression is critical, because of adverse outcome attributed to depression..

Keywords

KEY WORDS: depression --- acquired heart diseases