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The Distribution Of Malaria In Rabiea Region In Northern Iraq

Abdul Salam M.Al-Muktar

Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية
ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2004 Volume: 1 Issue: 3-4 Pages: 341-347
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Abstract

The region of Rabiea in northern Iraq, was having increasing number of malaria cases in January 1995 concerning farmers and their families. A screening was done among them using parahsitological methods of laboratory diagnosed malaria .P. vivax was the only species of anopheles were recoverd namly , A. superpictus A. sacharovi and A. pulcherimus. The strains are the first time recoverd in this region in northern Iraq. The overall rate positivity (7.44%) was highest among persons aged (21-30) years (43.85%) and lowest among (51-60) years (2.47%) and above 61 years old was (0.48). This study demonstrated statically insignificant difference in infection between males and females (Table 2). Seasonal distribution of infection with vivax washighest during Autumn months (52.88%) followed by summer (30.27%), winter (8.68%) and spring (6.94%). Statically study revealed just significant in summer and autumn (table 3). The gradual control of this outbreak of malaria infection in 1995, through the years 1996 till the end of december 2000 might be due to the efforts of ministry of health by using insecticide and other rmethods including treatment directed against the infected people with malaria.