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Incidence of Mandibular Fractures Associated with Head Injury in Ninavah Governorate (2006-2007)

Mohammed K Hasouni --- Ziad H Delemi

Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان
ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 18 Pages: 370-375
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

Abstract

Aims: The aims of the study are to find the incidences, types, sides and sites of mandibular fracture accompanied with head injuries in Ninavah Governorate. Materials and Methods: Data of trauma cases were collected from general, local, private hospitals and health sectors in Ninavah Governorate with a head injury and mandibular fracture for one year duration from June 2006 to May 2007. Age, etiology, types, hospitals, sides and sites, distribution were arranged in tables, chi square and P value used for statistic analysis. Results: The total number of head injury cases was (5828). The total num-ber of fractures mandible with and without head injury was (282) cases means (4.84%) of total number of head injury cases, while mandibular fracture with head injury cases incidence was (76) cases (1.3%) of total number of head injury cases . Conclusions: Children were the most common age group affect-ed by head injury, while geriatric age group was the least. Male showed high percentage than female in a ratio about 2:1. Low incidence of association between head injury and fracture mandible which means that there is no need for delaying maxillofacial treatment. Falls from height and bullet injuries were the common cause of head injury and fracture mandible (dentoalveolar fractures showed high incidence followed by body fractures).

Keywords

Incidence --- Mandibular Fracture --- Head Injury --- Trauma