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المـُصْطَلَحَاتُ المـُوْهِمَةُ فِي النَّحوِ العَرَبِيّ

د. خير الدين فتاح عيسى القاسمي

Journal of Kirkuk University Humanity Studies مجلة جامعة كركوك للدراسات الانسانية
ISSN: 19921179 Year: 2011 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 21-43
Publisher: Kirkuk University جامعة كركوك

Abstract

Abstract Thispaper aims at showing that there are vague terms in Arabic grammar and there use is licensed , since they agree in pronunciation and differ in meaning . It was the reason behind colleting different and diverse subject and led to interference among the grammatical gases which they came with . The paper has colleted these terms and analyse their positions and to direct them into the right way . It is not of the way of writing to defame the terms of grammarians (may allah mercy them) in this respect , because there were tens terms which were highly strict " the light of the sun can not be covered by the hand even the coming of these terms was not intended by them , but they (terms) came unconsciously and a type of independent opinion. The paper wants to arrive at limiting an accurate and honest use to these terms . and of the problematic generality and to come in the accurate and right path . It construct a theory which works to simplify the way of putting grammatical idiom with the modern grammarians . The paper depended upon the ideas of the grammarians and independent opinion to arrive at the suitable for these terms . The need suggested the paper to divide these terms on two sections : original term section , which they come in the first position of expression branch terms section , which they come in the second position in the boules of the grammatical text . both of the two sections came to mention the vague terms in clear texts at which the problem appear after introducing dictionary reference for them one by one.

ملخَّصُ البحثِ: يَهْدفُ هذا البَحْثُ إلى بَيانِ جملةٍ من مُصطلحَاتٍ الموهمةً فِي النَّحو العَربِيِّ , وأنَّ فِي إِطلاقِهَا تَسامُحاً فِي كَونِها اتَّفقَتْ فِي اللّفظِ , واختلَفتْ فِي المَعنَى , الأمرُ الّذِي كانَ سببا فِي جَمعِ مَوضُوعاتٍ مختلفةٍ ومتباينةٍ , وأدّتْ إلى تداخلٍ فِي المسائلِ النَّحويةِ الّتِي جاءتْ فِيهَا0 وَقَدْ عَمِلَ البحثُ عَلى جَمعِ هذِه المُصطلحاتِ , وتَحليلِ مواضِعها , وتَوجِيهِهَا الوِجهةَ الصّحيحةَ 0ولَيسَ مِن منهجِ البحثِ الطّعنُ عَلى اصطلاحاتِ النُّحاةِ ـ رَحِمَهُمُ اللهُ ـ فِي هذا المَقامِ ؛ لأنَّ هُناكَ عشراتِ المصطلحاتِ الّتِي كانتْ دقيقة , وَضَوءُ الشّمسِ لا تَحْجُبُهُ اليَدُ , ولأَنَّ مَجيءَ هذهِ المُصطلحاتِ لَمْ يكنْ مُتَقَصِّداً مِن قِبَلِهم , وإنَّمَا وقعتْ عَلى عَفويَّةٍ , وبَسطٍ مِن الاجتهادِ0 ويُريدُ البَحثُ الوصولَ إلى تحديدِ إطلاقٍ دقيقٍ وصريحٍ لهذِه المصطلحاتِ , ومِن ثَمَّ إخراجُها مِن العمومِ المُشْكِلِ , وإدخالُها إلى المَسارِ الصّحيحِ المُتْقَنِ ,كمَا يَسعى إلى أنْ يَكونَ منطلقاً نحو بناءِ نظريّةٍ تَعملُ على التّيسيرِ في وضعِ الاصطلاحِ النّحويِّ لدى المحدَثينَ0 وقدْ اعتمدَ البَحثُ على آراءِ النّحاةِ , واجتهاداتِهم للوصولِ إلى المساحةِ المناسبةِ لهذِه المصطلحاتِ 0

Keywords

المـُصْطَلَحَاتُ المـُوْهِمَةُ فِي النَّحوِ العَرَبِيّ