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15- BREAST CANCER IN KIRKUK, IRAQ. A REVIEW OF 170 BREAST CANCER FEMALES...

NAHRAIN JOHN AZIZ

Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية
ISSN: 16833589 Year: 2009 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 86-88
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in Iraq as well as other parts of the world. InWestern world, the progress in public education and screening program had led to earlydetection of the disease which led to good prognosis. Appearance of late stages of breastcancer reflects the need for active screening and public education programs. The aim of thisretrospective study is to report the pattern of breast cancer in 170 women in Kirkuk province inrelation to age, stage of disease at first presentation and histopathology during nine yearsperiod (Jan.1994 – Jan.2003).This is a prospective and retrospective study underwent at Breast Clinic, Azadi GeneralHospital, Kirkuk, Iraq.Patients were 170 women with histopathological diagnosis of breast cancer. Out of the 170women with breast cancer (61.7%) presented between ages 20-50 years and (38.1%) betweenages 51-80 years. Regarding stage of disease on first presentation, (62.3%) of the patients hadlate stages of the disease (stage III and stage IV) while only (37.6%) presented at early stages(stage I and stage II). No stage 0 detected in this study. The commonest histopathology wasinfiltrating duct carcinoma (74.1%).In conclusion, breast cancer in Kirkuk is detected in young women and in late stages on firstpresentation. These results highlight the need for increased community awareness about breastcancer and the need for early detection.

Keywords

KIRKUK --- BREAST CANCER FEMALES...