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9-ANALYSIS OF FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO MORTALITY IN BURNS PATIENTS, RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

JASIM HASSAN SALIMEMH

Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية
ISSN: 16833589 Year: 2008 Volume: 14 Issue: 2 Pages: 48
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

Abstract

Burn injury result in a significant physical and psychological trauma to the burn patients. Thehighest mortality is among low socioeconomic status countries. This study aimed to analyzefactors contributing to death in burn patients in Basrah General Hospital burn unit.One hundred fifty patients died in Basrah General Hospital unit from January 2000 to December2001, retrospective analysis of their records including; residency, age, sex, percentage oftotal body surface area burned, cause and time of burn.Most patients were females 69% (04 patients), males 31% (64 patients), high mortality in agegroup (10-29years), 53% (79/150), females predominate in this age group 58%, males 39%.Males predominate 26% (12/46) over females 13% (13/104) at age group 0-3 years. Most ofmortality within percentage of total body surface area burn of (31%-40%) is 18% (27/150), percentageof burn of 91%-100% is 21% (32/150). Commonest cause of death is infection 57% (85patients), hypovolemia and inhalation injuries in 31% (47/150 patients). Number of deaths atfirst seven days post burn is 84% (126/150).It is concluded that the commenst cause of death is infection. High risk age group is childrenand young females which reflect lack of social security. Therefore preventive measures areessential.

Keywords

BURNS