Geographical Analysis of Air Pollution inAl-Najaf Governorate


The study seeks to reveal the reality of the problem of air pollution external and internal in the holy city of Najaf and to identify the most important sources and factors affecting the different dimensions temporal and spatial The study revealed the following: -1 - The amount of dust falling in the holy city of Najaf was great especially in the summer and reached (122.7) g m 2, and the spatially recorded Yarmouk district highest amount dust hit (139.95) g m 2 because of dust storms and neighboring city of Western Sahara, and poor soil and lack of vegetation, which reduces the severity of dust storms.2 - The results indicate high concentrations of minutes outstanding, record summer highest concentrations in most sampling sites and reached (116.7) Micro g m 3, the spatially has recorded the highest rate of concentration minutes outstanding was in the neighborhood of teachers and reached (199.98) Micro g m 3 due to the movement of transport and proximity to the neighborhoods of Aden and industrial artisans.3 - The study revealed high concentrations of gases in the air outside. Which reported higher concentrations in the summer, there are some gases have exceeded environmental determinants in the summer, including the gas carbon monoxide and reached (31.9), while sulfur dioxide (0.6), while the gases that were within the environmental determinants in chapter Summer is hydrogen sulfide gas was (0.3), and methane (0.06) and ammonia (0.4), and oxygen gas (19.3%). At the level of spatial find the highest concentration of gas carbon monoxide log in Ghadir district (55.5) due to increased car exhaust and smoke generators private and public. The highest concentration of sulfur dioxide in the Yarmouk district (0.75), and the highest concentration of hydrogen sulfide gas in the neighborhood of Arabism (0.45) , and the highest concentration of methane in the neighborhoods Alassane Bourne and Jihad (0.1), and the highest concentration of ammonia gas in HawraaZeinab (0.35) , and less oxygen Tercazelghaz in neighborhoods justice and teachers (19.9%).