Defamation online legal A_kalath in Iraq (A comparative study)


Abstract When considering Legal Systems And the constitutions of other countries around the world, we find it has developed legal protection of human rights and freedoms, but nevertheless this right threatened by the technological progress and infiltrated because of the act of technological development as the other fake ones (not real), And there are some people took advantage of this development by contacting the modern devices modern to commit electronic crimes and including insults and verbal abuse, slander and thousands sites emerged from that meant social communion There are sites that specialize in broadcast rumors, while others may specialize in the deployment of family and personal images , With this significant increase in the websites has increased to commit a crime for defamation Using it, which means many of them in uncovering the secrets of people without their consent or publishing photographed on occasions became accessible to everyone through the display at those sites and some in the defamation may find a way to compromise in the exploitation of such information for the purpose of extortion and very healing hatred and intended to abuse of reputation where surprised a lot of people to publish those pictures and personal data without the approval of the display, and often can not figure out the source the danger of the commission of these crimes by the rapid spread of the Internet in the news and not to control it.Although the Iraqi constitution of 2005 guaranteed freedom of opinion and expression in the text of the article (38) of it, but it is recognized that Nothingness of rights and absolute freedoms, so we find the Iraqi legislator offense of libel and defamation in the Iraqi Penal Law No. 111 of 1969 of Article 433/1, like other comparison legislations.The importance of research lies in practical and theoretical point of view, it is in practice, raises the crime was committed by the Internet legal problems, several of which the problem of determining jurisdiction and applicable law, and the difficulty in charge of the commission of the crime to determine, but in theory, highlights the importance of the study to determine the adequacy of the current criminal provisions to prevent the commission of the crime of defamation via the Internet and to deter perpetrators, Does the criminal provisions of substantive and procedural chive the ends. or to modify the text as to harmonize the current technological development? It could be limited to the problematic research on the subject through some of the questions include it, including the following: -• Are rules sufficient general contained in the Penal Code and the special offenses of defamation to contain and whether this tremendous development has succeeded in containing the violations that occur through the use of the Internet.• The technological development and information does not require the intervention of the legislature preclude the use of this evolution. We tried to adopt an analytical methodology in the analysis of criminal texts in Iraq and compared the legislation comparison, and research of rationing reached in this matter and especially the United Arab Emirates and the US legislation.We have divided this reseach into two sections, the first dealt with the definition of defamation and legal dilemma for the offender, either, as we discussed in the second topic in comparative law and the judiciary in this regard, and finished the the conclusion we have included with most important conclusions and recommendations.