The Role of the establishment of the Central Zakat funds in reducing the problem of poverty to the city of Erbil analytical study of 2015


this paper aims to demonstrate the benefits of Zakat expected economically, administratively and socially from going to the institutional organization for Zakat in the Kurdistan region through the establishment of the Zakat Fund, and the research that the success of a mandatory method for Zakat collection linked to the development of the Zakat collection laws, but in a voluntary manner, the confidence citizens the institution of Zakat has a big role in his success in this context, the media played a major role in increasing the confidence of citizens institutions of Zakat, and in order to illustrate the importance of the organization to deal with the Zakat funds in the region and to find out the extent of social acceptance of the idea of forming the Zakat Fund in the region, has been preparing a questionnaire form for distribution on selected segments of society in the city of Arbil, where the questionnaire was distributed to the (Islamic scholars, parliaments, doctors, engineers, lawyers, professors, collectors, contractors, traders and Snaaan, directors and deputies commercial bank managers), it was distributed (210) questionnaire form on these groups in the city of Arbil, were recoverable (186) form, and the remaining number of forms did not recover Ooostbad the lack of seriousness of the response as a result of the lack of the required check the conditions of the was used (SPSS) program and the program (Minitab) in the search for the analysis of the results of the questionnaire, where the results were analyzed using a number of statistical methods such as analysis of variance ((Analysis of Variance test (One-Semple T-Test) and Test (Two Semple T-Test) and through it it has been reached to the conclusion that the majority of respondents community in the city of Arbil, with the creation of the Zakat Fund for the purpose of Zakat funds management in the city.Where the statistical analysis of the questionnaires that the establishment of the Zakat Fund has a significant impact on the six themes set out in the questionnaire which axes (poor salaries, and interest-free loans, and reduce the phenomenon of poor leakage from the wire education, patient support treatment costs, and the reduction of class Alforac between the community, Finally administrative axis), and also between the statistical analysis of the sample that the problem of determining who is poor, I got the biggest average and this shows that there is the problem of determining the worth of Zakat, thus forming the institution concerned with the activity of Zakat in the region with comprehensive data about the Zakat beneficiaries have a major impact Base in solving this problem in the city of Erbil, the research found a set of proposals aimed in its entirety to the need for the formation of the Zakat Fund to manage zakat activity in the Kurdistan region