On the use of GIS Technique to Analyze the Distribution of Primary Schools in Holy Karbala City


This paper analyzes the spatial distribution of primary schools in Karbala city based on geographic information system (GIS). GIS has the ability to solve numerous geographic problems effectively and easily and to make spatial analysis in combination with database systems. In this paper, data of educational facilities and population are collected via comprehensive statistics in Karbala city. This data has been utilized to build a geo data base for study area after processing it. Statistical and spatial analyses were applied. The analysis tools in Arc GIS9.3 software include (standard distance, directional distribution, nearest neighbor, auto correlation and accessibility indicator). These tools were used for analyzing patterns of distribution. Statically analysis results showed that there is an argent need to 31 boys’ primary schools and 30 girl’s primary schools within study area while spatially analysis results showed that nearest neighbor value of 1.19 which is dispersed for boys’ schools and 0.96 is random for girls’ schools. The correlations indicated 0.19 which is random for boys and girls schools. The Calculate Accessibility Indicator’s results showed there is a lack in achieving the Accessibility Indicator of most of the residential sectors.