THE CERAMIC INDUSTRY IN IRAQ:THE REALITY AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT WITH RE FERENCE TO ANBAR GOVCRNORATE

Abstract

The Ceramic industry is one of the constructional industries that contribute to the development of theconstruction sector. The quick scan of the Iraqi market shows that there are large quantities of ceramic productsof different types and specifications of different measurements. It shows too that the demand continues toincrease, particularly in recent years due to the reconstruction and the high level of per capita income. Iraq is oneof the oldest manufacturers of ceramic products, but that the Iraqi state did not pay attention to the industrythough a large proportion of the raw materials needed for production are available locally in very large quantitiesand better qualities of the world as well as the availability of skilled manpower in this field. It is worthmentioning that the Anbar province has three plants (Sanitary ware, Wall Tiles, Floor Tiles) for the production ofceramic materials founded before the occupation. These plants, owned by the General Company for Glass andCeramics in Ramadi, are the only plants in Iraq and they stopped production since 2003. It is concluded thatIraqis full ofmany of themineralsand raw materials, which are concentratedmostly inAnbar provinceandrepresentthe basicbackboneofthe ceramic industryin the province. But the results ofestimatingdemand show thatthere isa cleardeficitin the production ofceramicmaterialsto meetthe threetypes ofincreasing demand forthesematerials.Thedomestic demand forsanitary wareandWalls andFloors Tiles for the year 2013was (16,357)tons (11,546,160) m 2(15,394,880) m 2, respectively, which meansthat theproduction capacitiesavailable forthethreeplantscover only(27.5%) (10.5%), (6.5%). While in theyear 2023, the percentage of the production ofthethreelaboratoriesofdomestic demandis(sanitary ware, 9.21%), (Tiles walls, 8.4%) and (Tiles floors, 5.2%). So,the study is encouraging for the rehabilitation ofthe production ofceramicprojectsin the province ofAnbar, aswell asthe establishment ofnew projects that have the potentialto bridge theshortfallin the demand forthisproduct.The results ofthe application of value criteria show that the three projects are economically useful, but the WallTiles project is more useful than the other two projects. In addition, the three projects are not substitutes for theyare all urgently needed, but in case of the failure of funding the rehabilitation of all the plants, so it is preferableto start with the Wall Tiles plant.