Study the Effect of Nano Ceramic Particles on Some Physical Properties of Acrylic Resins

Abstract

In the present research, study the effect of adding two different types of reinforcing particles, which included: nano-alumina (nano-Al2O3) and nano-silica (nano-SiO2), that added with different volume fractions of (1%, 2% and 3%), on some physical properties of composite prosthesis complete denture base materials by using self (cold) cure poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) resin as new fluid resin matrix. In this research, the composite prosthetic dentures specimens consist of two groups were prepared by using (Hand Lay-Up) method according to the types of reinforced particles, which includes: the first group consists of PMMA resin reinforced by nano-alumina particles, and the second group consists of PMMA resin reinforced by nano-silica particles. The physical tests were performed on these specimens include (water absorption test and thermal behaviors test). The result of this study showed the values of (thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity) properties increased with increasing the volume fraction of both (nano-Al2O3 and nano-SiO2) particles in PMMA complete denture base materials. While, the values of (water absorption and specific heat) properties decreased. In addition, the addition of (nano-Al2O3) particles has a noticeable effect on the all properties of composite material for prosthetic denture base specimens more than the (nano-SiO2) particles.