Epidemiology of diarrhoea in the Holy City of Karbala in 2015


The aim of study was providing researchers, doctors, governing bodies such as Kerbala Health Directorate, Ministry of Health and National IHR Focal Point with a comprehensive statistical analysis of the prevalence of diarrhoea at Al Husseiny Teaching Hospital in the holly city of Karbala in 2015. The study identify the etiology of diarrhoea in adults across four age groups ranging from 15 and over, examining the variation to gender and age and month /season of the year. The study involves a total of 2583 cases of diarrhoea report as a chief complain to the hospital from January to December 2015.The statistical data analysis reveals that diarrhoea is still a major complain for all age groups as the hospital received approximately 7 cases on daily bases all over the year 2015. Female Patients were the most disadvantaged over male in a ratio of 5:3. Young adults between 20-44 years of age were the worst affected and represent %46 from the overall patient number. The study consolidates that more incidences have happened in the season of warm summer in June due to , yet even higher in cold January and December as more than two third of infection was viral. Entameba histolytic was the predominant parasitic cause to diarrhoea with 23% of the cases and Giardia lamblia. Main bacterial cause represented in Vibrio Cholera of 2.9% and very few cases of E. Coli.