تشكيل واجهات المجمعات السكنية واثره في المشهد الحضري لمدينة بغداد

Abstract

The selection of this research ,was based on the following facts:- The deformation that tookplace in the formal relationships for the residential complexes inBaghdad due to many factors such as: political, economical, social and other factors. So, theresearch tended to select samples from the residential complexes in Baghdad.- There are many futuristic plans to construct huge number of housing units in the form ofresidential complexes, and there are fears from repeating the same mistakes which accompanied theEuropean experiment after and the industrial revolution and the world wars where there was biginterest in mass production of resdential units without taking care of the importance of quality. Theinterest in formal relations for the residential collections was neglected due to the concentration onconcentruction of maximum number of housing units in short period of time to overcome theshortage in this essential sector.The analysis of the results of the field studies shows that the current residential complexes aresuffering from great formal disorder in addition to the fact that the formal relations of the buildingselevations for the residential complexes does not reflect the features of these complexes and itsrelations with the neighboring urban scape, for many reasons. It appear that the designer bear thegreat responsibility for this weakness and deformations of those relationships by making designswhich neglected the formal relations and interested by the functional factors only, in addition tobearing the responsibility of leaving great margin to the inhabitant to do any changes that he wanton the elevations of the housing units, it also appears that the inhabitant had played an importantrole in the deformation of the formal relations of the residential complexes, throughout the changeshe made, also by using the elevation for other functions which affected negativaty on the housingbuildings and affected on the entire urban scape of Baghdad.