A Numerical Model For Performance Prediction Of Dry Cooling Conditions Of Air Cooled Condensers In Thermal Power Plant Stations

Abstract

The present work represents theoretical treatment of dry cooling of the air cooled condensers applied in the power plants technology. A suggested model was built in a form of computer program to predict the effectiveness of the condenser showing the effect of inlet air temperature and its mass flow rate on the performance of the condenser. The model construction depends on the idea of using a row by row marching solution for energy balance for both stream sides.The model has the ability to estimate the heat transfer coefficient, air temperature and other air physical properties distribution in the air flow direction from row to row. The results showed that using the cooling process of the air before entering the condenser improves the performance of the condenser and reduces the required area for a specified condensation load and steam loading. For fixed surface area ofthe condenser, lowering the dry bulb temperature from (45) to (28) ºC at a constant wet bulb temperature and mass flow rate of the entering air can improve the condensation load up to (23 %) for the present investigated conditions.