The Concept of the Divine Caliphate of Man in the Holy Quran and the Writings of Muslim Scholars


ABSTRACTThe Quran is considered one of truthful history sources of the study, because it is deducted from the Wise. The importance of this issue lies in the historical creativity of human beings in the divine truthful source, which is the Holy Koran. What divine succession of man on earth but an expression of the will of God (Glory to God) as an advantage of all his creatures credit, wisdom and views honestly and positively, and what came in the Koran of Baqrah verse 30th:[30] And (remember) when Your Lord said to the angels: "Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth." They said: "Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, - while we glorify You with praises and thanks (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You." He (Allâh) said: "I know that which you do not know."The reason for selecting this topic and provide historic space for Khilafa and Khilafa in the perspective of the Holy Quran. The search was in the books, sources interpretation, and historical references together did not find astray, and found that most explicators of the word “Khalifa" did not intend on lingual & lexicon meaning in their interpretation, but what I found in the book "Mecca’s’ Conquests" to Ibn Arabi, Abdel Karim Gaily of Sufism intellect, where there is what I wish.I studied in this research "Khilafa as term & idiom and the Khilafa in the Quranic concept, back to the language dictionaries, and the views of scientists, human rights creating in Holy Quran, enhanced with Quranic verse, and the components of Human, the professional opinions of explicators. The research included investigations dealt with Human and the fact of replacement (succession), containing composition & legislation, the truth & mind, the secretariat & commissioning, and the fact of replacement (Khilafa) in the concept of Muslim Scholars, and, finally, we ask God to guide us to do goodness.