Administrative status of the holy city of Najaf and its impact on the political activity of the possession of the scientific 1917 – 1924


AbstracNajaf is a city of historical and sacred religious, have a special status not only in Iraq, but in the Arab world and the Islamic world, and the city of such stature local, regional, and global excellence, was supposed to take its place in the real administrative structure of Iraq. Not be placed in the formation of a narrow and isolated management did not exceed the size of like "continued in the best of circumstances.The administrative structure and narrow, isolated and placed the holy city of Najaf was not spontaneous, but there were underlying reasons behind the policies of the authorities of occupation and the British Mandate, and after that Iraqi governments, which ruled to put the city in the formation of administrative constraints prevent the achievement of communication between Najaf and tribal groupings around which to reduce the effects of spiritual, psychological, social, political, and persistence in the weakening economy.The amendments also administrative subsequently held, although they were of a positive effect for the benefit of the citizen and the State Administration of both, but they were not to live up to the level of importance of the holy city of Najaf and sanctity. The research on the official Iraqi documents is published the first place, and were processed within the following themes:First: the administrative structure of Najaf Ashraf for the period 1864 – 19241.Administrative structure in the Ottoman Empire II.2.Administrative structure during the period of British occupation.3.Administrative structure after the establishment of national governance in 1921. Second: The tight administrative structure of Najaf and the political activities of the clergy:1.To address the Wahhabi attacks.2.Opposition to the Iraqi-British treaty of 1922.3.The opposition boycott of the Constituent Assembly elections.