الملك الأشرف خليل وجهاده ضد الصليبيين

Abstract

AbstractThere ire interesting and enlightened [cued moments in the history of Uinrnah (nation); which through them, their eharaeterisl.ics tt developed and their light the heroes are gliltered, where they register the more heighted heroisn alit! /hid in the History of the Islamic nation. since its history is flullilletI in moments like these. So this study deals with the biography 0 Ca man appeared in our nation’s history, so his eliect is still throughout the centuries, lie is called the honorable king Khaleel (689— 693 A.I I. / 1290 I 293A. I).) where he hs a great role in our notion’s history in repulsing the Crusaders which is st N found in the kind of Belad Al-Sham, in spite of the heroic role made by his preceded heroes like Salu.h Al-addin AI-Auioobi (567 — 589k! I. /1171 — I 93&D.) but his caliphs failed in completing the historic role of their state, so their Ji had igainst the Crusaders has failed, and they made the po[icy oftruee, and chiringthcse challenges and events; a new force has aroused iii Al-Mamaleek Navy State, which proved its ability to repulsing the Crus, ders during the era of the king AL-Ohoher Pepers (659— I.260A.H. / 676 1277A.D.) and the king Al-Mansour Saifaiddin Kalawoon (678— 689A.H. / 1281 1290A.D.) and in order to complete the role made by heir state a flew star had been glittered, he is the honorable king Khaleel who he entered the history with his mobilizing preparations to hire the Crusaders, he born hi Cairo (66A.F]. / I 267AD.) and died in Taroja city near Alexandra in (693A.H. / 1293A.D.), where he grew on Jiliad and treasure, and he started to iherate the liitl from the badness of the Crusaders, where he started with AJca, Sour, and Saida till lie completed the whole Sham’s land, then he repeated his nuernpts to liheral:e Ira but the fate bias not made hit1, to complete his attempt, where he died according to a conspiracy made ly his princes, lie is the king Aho AI-Fatih Salah Aladdin Bin the king Al-Mansour SaifAladlin KaIwooriKh1eeI Al-Oil’ Al-Salahi M-1ajmi, hewasborn in Cairo (56A.H. I 1267AD.) and &od in laroja city near Alexandra oii 2th of Mohrnm (693AlL / 1293AD.). He -is the eighth SulIan in Al-MalTialeek Navy State, where the king Ai-Mansóur had had our boys they/re: .Alaa Aladdin Aim Al—Fatili All, he was the oldest one, Khaee1, and{he prince ihmed and Nsir Al-thiddin Moiimmed. ihe most lovely one was the king Al-Masour Kaiwoon his on AIaa Aiatldin who Made him rule after his death(687 ALL / 120AI).) and he addressed him speethes on the minbai-s of Egypt after mentioning Ins [thor nanle Saif aladdin Al-Saiih Ali, hut he died in (687A.H. / 1280A.D.) Concerning the death of the king All, there are two narrations, where Al—Not wan mentions that [lie cause was (Dosemitab a. Keedyali), WbIile A] Maqreezi accuses the honorab’e king in putting the poison br his bother the king All, hut though our inve[igation, we see that AI—Maqreczi taking a side in his ruination and this leads it to be weak. The honorable king and his brother [he Idng Mi have mrriei in the their cather’scra from the two daughter% ol the princt SaifAladdin Kokach.