Common Hypopigmented Skin Disorders in Baghdad Teaching hospital

Abstract

Objectives: Hypopigmented skin conditions are common problem among general population and had different varieties among different age groups, this study was done to evaluate different types of hypopigmented skin disorders among Iraqi patients in Baghdad Teaching Hospital.Methods: Over a period of 8 months, 266 patients with varieties of hypopigmented skin lesions were seen at the Outpatient Clinic of Dermatology and Venereology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital. Full history, a thorough physical examination was done for all patients.Results: This study consisted of 155 (58.27%) males and 111 (41.73%) females, their ages range between 2-56 years with a mean ± SD of 16.99 ± 12.36years, vitiligo 82 (30.83%) patients was the commonest disease seen, the next common disease was pityriasis versicolor 60 (22.56%) patients, followed by post-inflammatory hypomelanosis 45 (16.92%) patients, pityriasis alba 35 (13.16%), post herpes simplex leukoderma 24 (9.02%), nevus depigmentosus 8 (3.01%), Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis 7 (2.63%) and albinism 5 (1.88%), Family history was reported with vitiligo (20.73%) pityriasis versicolor (30%), post inflammatory hypomelanosis (33.33%), pityriasis Alba (14.29%), idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis (28.57%) and albinism (20%).Koebner phenomenon was seen in vitiligo (35.36%), post inflammatory hypomelanosis (68.89%) and post herpes simplex leukoderma (70.83%).Conclusions: The findings of this study showed that vitiligo and pityriasis versicolor are the commonest types of hypopigmented skin disorders among Iraqi patients and post-herpes simplex labialis leukoderma was interesting findings that is reported for the first time and could be considered as a variant of vitiligo.Keywords: Hypopigmented skin disorder, post- herpes simplex leukoderma, vitiligo. Koebner phenomenon.