Chemotaxonomic study (phenolic compound) of the genus Alcea L. spp. (Malvaceae) wild grown in Iraq


A chemotaxonomic study has been detected to the phenolic compounds in aerial parts (stem and leaves) of plants species belonging the genus Alcea L. which were collected during field trips to the districts of Iraq. Phenolic compounds have been identified by using High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), 12 standard compounds used for comparison, the results showed that the species vary in containing phenolic compounds and also in concentration, which can be counted as a taxonomic evidence supporting the taxonomic studies like morphology, anatomical ,cytology, ecology , and palynology. This study is the first in Iraq to the genus Alcea in this subject.