MINERAL RESOURCES OF KURDISTAN REGION, IRAQ

Abstract

Kurdistan Region is characterized among the rest of Iraqi territory, by the presence of metallic mineral deposits such as Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr-Ni and Mn, together with some unique non-metallic minerals and industrial rocks such as barite, asbestos and marble. The formation of these mineral deposits is associated with the geological and tectonic development of northern Iraq including the major tectonic events associated with the Tethys development and movement of the Arabian Plate. Most of the metallic mineralizations were developed during the Cretaceous Period. Some Zn-Pb deposits are older and may be related to the Triassic and Jurassic Periods. The actual mineral wealth of the region is not really known, in view of the lack of detailed geological mapping, geochemical survey and air-born geophysical survey. However, based on the available information it is expected that the province is promising for Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, marble and barite deposits. Building raw materials are available to maintain cement industry and other construction materials. It is essential to start a comprehensive exploration program in Kurdistan Region in order to have a better view of its mineral potential.

Keywords

Minerals, Kurdistan, Iraq